More than just the volcano, the park comprises 63,000 hectares of mostly wooded Andean cordillera stretching from Pucón to the 3,746-meter summit of Volcán Lanín, most of which lies within Argentina’s Parque Nacional Lanín (would-be climbers must cross the border to the Argentine side).
Chile’s most active volcano, Villarrica is a cauldron of bubbling lava and venting steam that’s erupted dozens of times, including a 1971 event that expelled 30 million cubic meters of lava in a flow that spread over 14 kilometers.
A strenuous but nontechnical climb, Villarrica requires crampons, an ice ax, rain- and wind gear, high-energy snacks, and a guide (except for those who manage to wrangle one of Conaf’s few individual private permits). Tours (US$80–90 pp) with one of Pucón’s adventure travel agencies involve a crash course in mountaineering. In good weather, the summit is about six hours from the ski area, but bad weather sometimes forces groups to turn back. When the sulfurous crater is especially active, Conaf closes the route.
While the ascent can be a slog through wet snow, the descent involves body-sledding down the volcano’s flanks with only an ice ax for braking. With revaluation of the peso, rates for the trip have risen notably.
When winter snows cover the lower slopes, the Centro de Ski Volcán Villarrica operates four lifts with nine runs ranging 500–1,500 meters in length, but there have been many complaints. There are lift tickets as well as three-day, one-week, and season passes. For more information, contact Pucón Ski (Holzapfel 190, tel. 045/441901, lift tickets: US$45 per day peak season, US$33 per day shoulder season) in the Gran Hotel Pucón.
About midway between Volcán Villarrica and Volcán Quetrupillán, a rough summer-only road crosses the park from Termas de Palguín to the hot-springs town of Coñaripe. Best suited to four-wheel drive or at least high-clearance vehicles, though some daring (or foolhardy) Chileans attempt it with ordinary passenger cars, it passes through a scenic araucaria forest that includes the park’s only campground.
From Volcán Villarrica’s southern slopes, hiking trails cross the park to Termas de Palguín and continue to Puesco, where Buses Jac has a daily bus back to Pucón. For more detail on this hike, which has some hard-to-follow segments, see Tim Burford’s Chile and Argentina: The Bradt Trekking Guide (Chalfont St. Peter, United Kingdom: Bradt Travel Guides, 2001) or Carolyn McCarthy’s Trekking in the Patagonian Andes (Melbourne: Lonely Planet, 2009). Conaf now levies a fee (US$14) for hikers on this trail.
Accommodations and Food
In Sector Quetrupillán on the park’s southern boundary, on the steep, narrow road between Termas de Palguín and Coñaripe, Conaf’s Camping Chinay (US$24 Jan.–Feb., US$16 Mar.–Dec.) lies in the midst of an araucaria forest. It sometimes suffers water shortages.
At the ski area, the Refugio Villarrica serves cafeteria meals, but skiers stay in Pucón.
Geography and Climate
Immediately south of Pucón, the park ranges from 600 meters above sea level on the lower slopes to 3,746 meters at Volcán Lanín. Barren lava flows and volcanic ash cover much of its surface, but unaffected areas are lushly forested. The other major summit is 2,360-meter Volcán Quetrupillán, halfway to the Argentine border; from Quetrupillán to the east, several alpine lakes are accessible by foot.
Summertime (Jan.–Feb.) temperatures range from a minimum of about 9°C to a maximum of around 23° C, while wintertime lows average 4°C. Most precipitation falls between March and August, when Pacific storms can drop up to two meters of snow, but rain can fall at any time. The park receives about 2,500–3,500 millimeters rainfall per year.
Flora and Fauna
At lower elevations, up to about 1,500 meters, mixed araucaria and Nothofagus woodlands cover the slopes—the araucaria reaches its most southerly point at Volcán Quetrupillán. The mañío (podocarpus), an ornamental in the Northern Hemisphere, also makes an appearance. Native bunch grasses have colonized some volcanic areas.
Among the mammals are pumas, pudús, foxes, and skunks, as well as the aquatic coypus. Waterfowl such as coots and ducks inhabit the lakes and other watercourses, while large raptors such as the black-shouldered kite and peregrine falcon are occasionally sighted in the skies.
On the road to the ski area, eight kilometers from Pucón, Conaf’s Guardería Rucapillán (US$46 adults, US$3 children) is the best source for information; rangers collect an admission charge here. There are ranger stations at Sector Quetrupillán and Sector Puesco.
Getting There and Around
Transportation is limited except for organized tours. To Sector Rucapillán, only a few kilometers south of Pucón, taxis are the only nontour option.
Excerpted from the Fourth Edition of Moon Chile.