Split-twig figurines. Some 2,000-4,000 years ago, Archaic hunters fashioned long pieces of wood into the shapes of deer or bighorn sheep, found cached in caves by later explorers. Archaeologists speculate the figurines may have been used as totems to ensure good hunting. See examples at Tusayan Museum.
Fossils. Grand Canyon’s long geologic history includes ancient seas that left behind crinoids and other tiny creatures. On spring mornings, visitors can join ranger-guided walks along the rim to explore the fossil record.
Rocks. Peer through provided viewing scopes for up-close views of rock samples from each of the canyon’s rock layers along the Trail of Time. On this paved 1.2-mile trail, every meter represents a million years.
Architectural details. Architect Mary Colter combined an arts-and-crafts aesthetic with a deep appreciation for natural and cultural context. Each of her landmark buildings on the South Rim—including Hermit Rest, Lookout Studio, Hopi House, and Desert View Watchtower—uses detail to tell a larger story about Grand Canyon. Can you read between the lines?
Wildflowers. Spring wildflowers add splashes of color to the canyon’s rocky edges—bright red Indian paintbrush, fragrant cliffrose, delicate phlox and fleabane. Learn more by picking up the trailside brochure and strolling along the Greenway’s 2.8-mile Hermit Road section, a paved, relatively level stretch with fine views and a fascinating collection of flora.