If you have a weekend, pick one special natural area to explore: the Outer Banks, beaches near Wilmington, the Blue Ridge Parkway, or the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Here’s an overview of the different regions of North Carolina to help you plan your trip.
The Outer Banks
This stretch of shoreline is rich with ecological wonders, centuries-old traditions, and historical mysteries. Around Nags Head and the Cape Hatteras National Seashore, surfers and hang gliders ride the wind and waves. One of the first English settlements appeared and then disappeared on Roanoke Island and Blackbeard roamed these waters before losing his head near Ocracoke. Along the vast Pamlico and Albemarle Sounds, colonial towns and fishing villages stand sentinel along deep, still rivers. The Great Dismal Swamp is an eerie, unforgettable place for kayaking and canoeing.
Beaufort and the Crystal Coast
Quiet, comfortable beach towns line the Crystal Coast. Beaufort and New Bern, two of early North Carolina’s most important cities, have some of the most stunning early architecture in the South. Morehead City is a hot spot for scuba diving the offshore wrecks in the Graveyard of Atlantic, and Cape Lookout National Seashore has 56 miles of undeveloped shoreline inhabited only by wild horses birds.
Wilmington and the Cape Fear Region
The towns surrounding the mouth of the Cape Fear River are year-round knockouts. The old port city of Wilmington is known for its antebellum homes and gardens as well as lively shops and restaurants. Topsail Island, Wrightsville Beach, and Kure and Carolina Beaches offer some of the most beautiful stretches of sand in the nation. Inland, the Waccamaw and Lumber Rivers creep through blackwater swamps while the Cape Fear River leads upstream to Fayetteville, a military hub.
Raleigh and the Triangle
College towns Raleigh, Durham, and Chapel Hill share a creative verve and intellectual vibe. Visitors enjoy rich music and literary scenes and volcanically exciting college sports. Come hungry and thirsty—fantastic restaurants, bars, and breweries await.
Winston-Salem and Central Carolina
Few visitors experience North Carolina’s Piedmont in all its glory, but more should. At the southeastern edge, the Sandhills are a golfing mecca, with the famed Pinehurst Resort and one of the best-known courses in the world, and the nearby town of Seagrove is renowned for its pottery. The ancient, creepy Uwharrie Mountains shelter deep forests and mountain lakes. Greensboro and Winston-Salem house great galleries, museums, and restaurants. Old Salem preserves the village built by 18th century religious pilgrims, and the Yadkin Valley, the heart of North Carolina’s wine country, is nearby.
Charlotte and Racing Country
The Old South, New South, and Global South come together to make Charlotte unmatched in its cultural vitality. The diverse restaurants alone show this: you’ll find everything from fried chicken to pho to enchiladas. North of Charlotte is the epicenter of NASCAR at the Charlotte Motor Speedway. The surrounding towns are filled with fun shops and historic sites.
Northern Blue Ridge and Foothills
The Blue Ridge Parkway winds through some of the South’s most graceful mountain scenery. Friendly foothills towns like Mount Airy and Wilkesboro are rich with mountain music. Blowing Rock retains the feel of an elite mountain retreat from 100 years ago, while nearby college town Boone is progressive and eclectic. Yadkin Valley wineries wait for tasters, and outdoor recreation—hiking, skiing, and whitewater rafting—is abundant.
Asheville and the Southern Blue Ridge
Asheville boasts artistic wealth and deep creative passions. A top beer destination and one of the South’s premier food cities, Asheville is filled with galleries, boutiques, and the general weirdness you expect from bigger cities. Its location between the Blue Ridge and Smokies gives easy access to the mountains, where recreation opportunities abound.
Great Smoky Mountains
Straddling the border with Tennessee, the Great Smoky Mountains National Park is a land of ridges, rocky rivers, virgin forests, and tumbling waterfalls. Visit appealing little towns like Dillsboro, Waynesville, and Sylva, as well as the tribal seat of the Eastern band of the Cherokee, a casino, and the first (and only) fly fishing trail in the U.S.
Excerpted from the Fifth Edition of Moon North Carolina.