At the Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge (end of Kilauea Rd., 808/828-1413, 10am-4pm daily), 31 acres protect numerous birds. Red-footed boobies, shearwaters, great frigate birds, brown boobies, red- and white-tailed tropic birds, and Laysan albatrosses, as well as green sea turtles and humpback whales, occupy the refuge. There’s an informational plaque at the top, and if you look down into the trees right in front of this area, birds can often be seen resting in their nests.
Shearwaters nest at Queen’s Bath (go right on Punahele Road and take the second right onto Kapiolani Loop) and can be seen along the trail and cliffs. Residents are not allowed to bring dogs here due to a high number of dog-related deaths.
At the 917-acre Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge in Hanalei Valley, endangered native water birds such as the Hawaiian coot, black-necked stilt, koloa duck, and gallinule can be spotted, as well as several migrant species that have reclaimed their ancient nesting grounds. The area is decorated with taro plants; the root supplies about half of Hawaii’s poi. Although visitors are allowed in Hanalei Valley, no one is permitted in the designated wildlife area other than for fishing or hiking along the river. After crossing the first one-lane bridge into Hanalei, turn left onto Ohiki Road.
Excerpted from the First Edition of Moon Hawaiian Islands.