Arraial do Cabo is considered one of the best spots for recreational diving in Brazil. Aside from its transparent blue waters, it is the only place where the ocean currents—which usually flow north–south along the Brazilian coast—flow east–west, provoking a phenomenon whereby the deep, cold currents from Antarctica rise to the surface.
While this means that water temperatures are always quite cold, it also results in the presence of many nutrients, which in turn attract an unusually rich variety of marine life. Add to this more than 30 sunken galleons—the consequence of heavy pirate activity off the coast during the 17th and 18th centuries—and you’re in for an underwater treat.
Daily diving excursions usually cost around R$120. For more information, contact Mr. Diver (Rua Dom Pedro I 50, tel. 22/2622-1945, www.mrdiver.com.br) or Deep Trip (Av. Getúlio Vargas 93, tel. 22/2622-1800).
© Michael Sommers from Moon Brazil, 2nd Edition