The main language spoken throughout the province is English, though almost 6 percent of the population also speaks French, Canada’s second official language. All government information is written in both English and French throughout Canada.
The indigenous people of British Columbia fall into 10 major ethnic groups by language: Nootka (west Vancouver Island), Coast Salish (southwest BC), Interior Salish (southern interior), Kootenay (in the Kootenay region), Athabascan (in the central and northeastern regions), Bella Coola and Northern Kwakiutl (along the central west coast), Tsimshian (in the northwest), Haida (on the Queen Charlotte Islands), and Inland Tlingit (in the far northwest corner of the province). However, most native people still speak English more than their mother tongue.
© Andrew Hempstead, from Moon Western Canada, 3rd Edition