Rabies, a virus transmitted through bites or scratches by domestic animals (such as dogs and cats) and wild mammals (such as bats), is a concern; many domestic animals go unvaccinated. Human prophylactic vaccination is possible but may be incompatible with malaria medication.
Untreated rabies is painful and usually fatal. In case of an animal bite or scratch, immediately clean the affected area with soap and running water, and then with antiseptics such as iodine or 40 percent-plus alcohol. If possible, try to capture the animal for diagnosis, but not at the risk of further bites; in areas where rabies is endemic, painful post-exposure vaccination may be unavoidable.
© Wayne Bernhardson from Moon Chile, 2nd edition