A red tree frog climbing in the Amazon rain forest.

The Rainforests of Colombia

Rainforests are among the most complex ecosystems on Earth. Learn about the flora and fauna of the rainforests of Colombia, focusing on those that make their home in the Amazon and the Chocó.

A Bohemian Waxwing (Bombycilla garrulus) puffs its feathers on this cold and snowy day in April.

GNP Flora and Fauna: North Fork’s Unique Creatures

Glacier National Park hosts a plethora of plants and animals; lots of usual suspects, such as bears, wolves, elk, and bighorn sheep, but also quite a few unique species. Most interesting among them are species of the North Fork, including incredibly tiny animals, some weighing even less than an ounce, and creative carnivorous plants. And with North Fork’s plentiful and varied bird species, birders will have a ball.

A long-legged shore bird stands in the water fishing.

Bird Watching on Moloka‘i

Although many of Hawaii’s original bird species have gone the way of the dodo, there are still a number of rare and critically endangered native bird species clinging to existence high in the Moloka‘i forests or down on the protected seashore. For a chance a spotting one yourself, visit these protected Moloka‘i areas.

A spectacled or Andean bear looks down the hillside.

Colombian Cloud Forest

Rainforests that grow at higher altitudes on the flanks of the Andes are known as montane rainforests or cloud forests because they are often enveloped in mist that results from the condensation of warm air against chillier mountain currents. Learn more about the plants, animals, and environment in the Colombian Cloud Forest.

A green anole perches on a red Ti leaf.

The Effect of Introduced Species in Hawaii

Before settlement, Hawaii had no fruits, vegetables, coconut palms, edible land animals, conifers, mangroves, or banyans. Learn how introduced species have thrived, at times for better and other times for worse.

A woman hikes along a path lined with orange wildflowers in Glacier National Park.

Explore Glacier’s Backwoods: North Fork Valley

The North Fork Valley defines rustic: Not rustic as in cute and comfortable, but really backwoods. If you’re up for the challenge, step back in time and visit this incredible area to experience its culture and explore its landscapes.

Amongst the ecologically fragile mangroves of La Tirana, Jiquilisco.

El Salvador’s Coastal Mangrove Forests

There are two major mangrove forests on El Salvador’s coast: Barra de Santiago in the west, and Bahía de Jiquilisco in the east. The mangroves are one of the most biologically complex ecosystems on earth, and, as highly effective carbon sinks, front-line defense against climate change.

A Laysan albatross and its chick on Oahu.

Human Impact on O‘ahu’s Environment

Human impact on O‘ahu’s environment is a sticky issue: artificial constructs can both destroy and preserve its natural beauty, and it’s worth noting that same constructs wouldn’t become necessary except for human interference in the first place. Nowhere is this impact more obvious than on O’ahu’s beaches.

Parque Nacional Conguillío, Chile.

Visit Parque Nacional Conguillío in the Chilean Lakes District

Directly east of Temuco, 3,125-meter Volcán Llaima’s smoldering crater is Conguillío’s most eye-catching feature. Since colonial times, Chile’s second most active volcano has recorded dozens of violent eruptions. Plan a visit to this UNESCO biosphere reserve that abounds with dozens of other lava flows, secondary cones, alpine lakes, river canyons, and the Araucaria forest that it was created to protect.