A red tree frog climbing in the Amazon rain forest.

The Rainforests of Colombia

Rainforests are among the most complex ecosystems on Earth. Learn about the flora and fauna of the rainforests of Colombia, focusing on those that make their home in the Amazon and the Chocó.

A spectacled or Andean bear looks down the hillside.

Colombian Cloud Forest

Rainforests that grow at higher altitudes on the flanks of the Andes are known as montane rainforests or cloud forests because they are often enveloped in mist that results from the condensation of warm air against chillier mountain currents. Learn more about the plants, animals, and environment in the Colombian Cloud Forest.

A green anole perches on a red Ti leaf.

The Effect of Introduced Species in Hawaii

Before settlement, Hawaii had no fruits, vegetables, coconut palms, edible land animals, conifers, mangroves, or banyans. Learn how introduced species have thrived, at times for better and other times for worse.

A woman hikes along a path lined with orange wildflowers in Glacier National Park.

Explore Glacier’s Backwoods: North Fork Valley

The North Fork Valley defines rustic: Not rustic as in cute and comfortable, but really backwoods. If you’re up for the challenge, step back in time and visit this incredible area to experience its culture and explore its landscapes.

Amongst the ecologically fragile mangroves of La Tirana, Jiquilisco.

El Salvador’s Coastal Mangrove Forests

There are two major mangrove forests on El Salvador’s coast: Barra de Santiago in the west, and Bahía de Jiquilisco in the east. The mangroves are one of the most biologically complex ecosystems on earth, and, as highly effective carbon sinks, front-line defense against climate change.

Parque Nacional Conguillío, Chile.

Visit Parque Nacional Conguillío in the Chilean Lakes District

Directly east of Temuco, 3,125-meter Volcán Llaima’s smoldering crater is Conguillío’s most eye-catching feature. Since colonial times, Chile’s second most active volcano has recorded dozens of violent eruptions. Plan a visit to this UNESCO biosphere reserve that abounds with dozens of other lava flows, secondary cones, alpine lakes, river canyons, and the Araucaria forest that it was created to protect.

In the 1940s an environmental tragedy nearly wiped out the Bermuda cedar.

The Bermuda Cedar

The Bermuda cedar (Juniperus bermudiana) is a symbol of survival for islanders, who have depended on the sturdy evergreen from the first days of human habitation on Bermuda. Nearly wiped out in the 1940s, the cedar is slowly making a comeback thanks to strong reforesting efforts.

Close up of white-petaled naupaka flowers in the Oahu mountains.

Pele Legends in Hawaii

Pele, the goddess of fire, features in many Hawaiian legends, most of which showcase her fiery nature. Here are two, one to explain the curious appearance of certain flowers, and another a cautionary tale about the consequences of stealing her lava rocks.