Volcán Maderas is a pleasant volcano to climb. Photo © Elizabeth Perkins.

Nicaragua’s Volcanic Landscape

Nicaragua’s nickname, “The Land of Lakes and Volcanoes,” evokes its primary geographical features: two great lakes and a chain of impressive and active volcanoes; these water and volcanic resources have had an enormous effect on its human history. The country has about 40 volcanoes, a half dozen of which are usually active at any time. Running parallel to the Pacific shore, Nicaragua’s volcanoes are a part of the Ring of Fire that encompasses most of the western coast of the Americas, the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, Japan, and Indonesia.

The highlands near Arenal Volcano in Costa Rica. Photo © Christopher P. Baker.

Costa Rica’s Central Highlands

The beauty of the Central Highlands owes much to the juxtaposition of valley and mountain. The large, fertile central valley—sometimes called the Meseta Central (Central Plateau)—is a tectonic depression about 20 kilometers (12 miles) wide and 70 kilometers (43 miles) long. The basin is held in the cusp of verdant mountains that rise on all […]

Moss grows on a bulging knot along the trunk of a larch tree.

Visit Chile’s Parque Pumalín

Parque Pumalín is a 317,000-hectare private nature reserve straddling the highway north of Chaitén. Find out more about the park including flora, geography, sights, and recreational opportunities.

Atop a peak in the Logan Pass area.

Best Landscapes to Explore in Glacier National Park

With some of North America’s oldest exposed rock, a landscape created from moving earth, and the carving action of ice, Glacier Park fills one million acres with captivating scenery. Enjoy sinking into iconic Glacier landscapes by camping or staying in lodges, then don your hiking boots, for the best of Glacier’s features are seen up close from trails.