View across a narrow, flat expanse surrounded by ocean with another smaller island visible in the distance.

The Geography and History of the Juan Fernández Archipelago

The real-life Crusoe was Alexander Selkirk, a Scotsman marooned more than four years on a tiny but mountainous island several hundred kilometers off the South American coast. In what is now almost entirely national park land, visitors to what is now called Isla Robinson Crusoe, can hike to Selkirk’s lookout through forests of rare endemic plant species and observe endangered fur seal colonies in local launches.

Moss grows on a bulging knot along the trunk of a larch tree.

Visiting Chile’s Parque Pumalín

Parque Pumalín is a 317,000-hectare private nature reserve straddling the highway north of Chaitén. Find out more about the park including flora, geography, sights, and recreational opportunities.

Striking blue glacial mountains rise up beyond an aquamarine lake with the stark contrast of dry grasses at the near shore.

Discover the Wild Variety of Chile

In Benjamín Subercaseaux’s memorable phrase, Chile embodies una loca geografía — literally, “a crazy geography.” Here northern deserts, Mediterranean heartland, deep mountain lakes, soaring volcanoes, temperate rainforests, and Patagonian wildlands exist within a land area only a little larger than Texas.

Light streams over verdant rolling mountains.

The Climate and Geography of Puerto Rico

Nobody wants rain during a tropical vacation, but precipitation is very much a part of life in Puerto Rico. Learn more about the island’s climate and its three main geographic regions: mountains, coastal lowlands, and karst country.

Palm fronds in the foreground frame a wide lake with a conical volcano rising in the distance.

The Terrain and Geography of Guatemala

Guatemala is the third-largest country in Central America. It occupies 42,042 square miles, making it about the size of Tennessee. The country shares borders with Mexico, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador. Within Guatemala’s relatively small area are 14 distinct ecosystems found at elevations varying from sea level to higher than 4,200 meters (14,000 feet).